History and healthy diet
The olive tree is an integrant symbol that we meet throughout history. A symbol of knowledge and wisdom represented by the goddess Athena, a victory trophy used at the coronations in the ancient Olympic Games, a symbol of peace and fertility, prosperity and health. Since the prehistoric era the olive oil is connected with a healthy diet, body nourishment and also adornment. During the ancient times it has been featured in all aspects of private and social life. We can’t help mentioning that during the ancient Olympic Games the athletes used to anoint themselves with olive oil before their daily exercise, their practice and during the Games. That practice reinforced the muscle stimulation protected them from the cold and dehydration. The aryvallus filled with olive oil was the essential complement jar of the athletes. To
remove the sand and dust from their oily bodies they used a strigil.
Health and Gastronomy: The extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) in the Mediterranean diet
The extra virgin olive oil is an inextricable element in the Mediterranean diet, prominent as an elixir of youth and a major longevity factor. It has been characterized by Homer as “liquid gold” and by Sophocles as a “child nourishment”. Looking into the Hippocrates code we can find more than 60 therapeutic attributes. Its high indicators in oleocanthal and oleicin are accepted by modern science as valid contributors in antioxidant action. We can find many modern publications that state the antioxidant actions of the agents of that specific type of olive oil, as we can find plenty verified scientific articles pointing out its significance for a human’s diet and health. Its high indicators in oleocanthal, oleicin and hydrothyroxol, the unsweetened element of the oleuropein, are major inhibitors to the aggregation of platelets, a factor responsible for blood clots, and also these substances can act in a beneficial manner to our health when coping with cancer. In addition these chemical compounds present anti-inflammatory abilities that can act in a protective manner against cardiac failures or strokes. We can find plenty of scientific researches and data praising their beneficial abilities.
The olive oil plays a prominent part in the Mediterranean diet. Researches have pointed out that the polyphenols of the early harvest olive oil affect the levels of glucose in our blood, contribute in coping with diabetes, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis arthritis and oncological conditions.